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Gowthaminursery
Kadiyam to veeravaram road,
Near dosalamma temple,           gowthaminursery@gmail.com
kadiyapulanka,
East Godavari dst, AP.                             +91 94404 90209
pin – 533126                        

 

Kingdom: Plantae
Order:
Gentianales
Family:
Apocynaceae
Subfamily:
Rauvolfioideae
Tribe:
Plumerieae
Genus:
Plumeria

Description

Plumeria (common name Frangipani) is a genus of flowering plants of the family that includes Dogbane: the Apocynaceae.[1] It contains 7-8 species of mainly deciduous shrubs and small trees. They are native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America as far south as Brazil[3] but have been spread throughout the world's tropics.[citation needed]

Plumeria is related to the Oleander, Nerium oleander, and both possess a irritating, milky sap, rather similar to that of Euphorbia. Contact with the sap may irritate eyes and skin.[4] Each of the separate species of Plumeria bears differently shaped alternate leaves, with distinct form and growth habits. The leaves of P. alba are quite narrow and corrugated, whereas leaves of P. pudica have an elongated shape and glossy, dark-green color. P. pudica is one of the everblooming types with non-deciduous, evergreen leaves. Another species that retains leaves and flowers in winter is P. obtusa; though its common name is "Singapore," it is originally from Colombia.

Plumeria flowers are most fragrant at night in order to lure sphinx moths to pollinate them. The flowers have no nectar, and simply dupe their pollinators. The moths inadvertently pollinate them by transferring pollen from flower to flower in their fruitless search for nectar. Plumeria species may be easily propagated from cuttings of leafless stem tips in spring. Cuttings are allowed to dry at the base before planting in well-drained soil. Cuttings are particularly susceptible to rot in moist soil. Propagation can also be by tissue culture from cuttings of freshly elongated stems or aseptically germinated seed. Pruning is best accomplished in the winter for deciduous varieties, or when cuttings are desired.

There are more than 300 named varieties of Plumeria.

Selected species

• Plumeria alba
• Plumeria bracteata
• Plumeria bracteata
• Plumeria obtusa

o Plumeria obtusa var. obtusa
o Plumeria obtusa var. sericifolia

Plumeria rubra f. tricolor
• Plumeria pudica
• Plumeria rubra L.
Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia

 

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